The island of Anguilla is a British owned
territory in the Eastern
Caribbean. It is located in the northern regions of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles.
It contains only the island of Anguilla, around 26km (16mi) long by 5 km (3.1mi) wide at its widest
area, along with a number of other small islands and cays with no permanent population. The capital
city is The Valley.
Anguilla was first settled by Amerindian tribes who
migrated from South America. The earliest Amerindian artifacts found on Anguilla have been dated to around 1300 BC, and remains of
settlements date from 600 AD. The date of European discovery is uncertain: some sources claim that
Columbus sighted the island in 1493, while others state that the island was first discovered by the
French in 1564 or 1565.
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